Association between perceived social support and better cognitive performance among caregivers and non-caregivers

Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini, Ana Carolina Ottaviani, Allan Gustavo Bregola, Francisco J. Fraga, Marcos Hortes Nisihara Chagas, Nathalia Alves De Oliveira, Tábatta Renata Pereira De Brito

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Abstract

Objective:

to identify the association between the characteristics of the support network and cognitive performance of older caregivers and compare characteristics between caregivers and non-caregivers.

Methods:

we evaluated 85 older caregivers and 84 older non-caregivers registered with primary care units regarding sociodemographic characteristics, cognition, and social support. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed.

Results:

among non-caregivers, significant associations were found between a better cognitive performance and receiving emotional/affectionate support; each one-point increase in the emotional support score and affectionate support score was related to a 0.43-point and 0.39-point increase in cognitive assessment, respectively. Among older caregivers, each one-point increase in the emotional support score was related to a 0.55-point increase in cognitive assessment.

Conclusion:

strengthening the support networks of older caregivers and encouraging satisfactory exchanges of social support can assist in improving cognitive performance, which can have a positive impact on caregivers’ health.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRevista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Volume74
Issue numbersuppl 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2021

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