Associations between dietary methods and biomarkers, and between fruits and vegetables and risk of ischaemic heart disease, in the EPIC Norfolk Cohort Study

Sheila Bingham, Robert Luben, Ailsa Welch, Yen Ling Low, Kay Tee Khaw, Nick Wareham, Nick Day

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Citations (Scopus)


Methods for assessing diet are prone to measurement error, which may be substantial in large cohort investigations. Biomarkers can be used as objective measures with which to compare estimates of nutritional exposure using different methods
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)978-987
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Epidemiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008


  • Aged
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • Biological Markers
  • Carotenoids
  • Cohort Studies
  • Diet
  • Diet Records
  • Diet Surveys
  • England
  • Female
  • Fruit
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Ischemia
  • Questionnaires
  • Vegetables
  • Vitamins

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