Attachment and work engagement in virtual teams: Promoting collaborative job crafting

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Researchers are increasingly interested in how employee relational processes affect virtual team outcomes. Applying attachment theory and the Job Demands–Resources model, we examined the relationship between employee attachment orientations and work engagement, and the mediating role of collaborative job crafting. In a three-wave longitudinal panel study of 1178 employees in 225 virtual teams, autoregressive and multilevel structural equation modelling showed direct negative effects of (anxious and avoidant) attachment on work engagement. Indirectly, however, attachment positively influenced engagement, partially mediated by collaborative job crafting. Implications for attachment inclusive practices that support collaborative job crafting and work engagement are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-334
Number of pages24
JournalSmall Group Research
Issue number3
Early online date9 Sep 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • attachment orientations
  • collaborative job crafting
  • job demands–resources model
  • virtual teams
  • work engagement

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