Autoimmune hemolytic anemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: Analysis of 533 adult patients who underwent transplantation at King’s College Hospital

Meng Wang, Wenjia Wang, Ayesha Abeywardane, Aleksandar Mijovic

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41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a recognized complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT); it is often refractory to treatment and carries a high mortality. To improve understanding
of the incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcome of post-transplantation AIHA, we analyzed 533 patients who received allogeneic HSCT, and we identified 19 cases of AIHA after HSCT (overall incidence, 3.6%). The median time to onset, from HSCT to AIHA, was 202 days. AIHA was associated with HSCT from unrelated donors (hazard ratio [HR], 5.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.22 to 22.9; P ¼ .026). In the majority (14 of 19; 74%) of AIHA patients, multiple agents for treatment were required, with only 9 of 19 (47%) patients achieving
complete resolution of AIHA. Patients with post-transplantation AIHA had a higher overall mortality (HR, 2.48; 95% CI, 1.33 to 4.63; P ¼ .004), with 36% (4 of 11 cases) of deaths attributable to AIHA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-66
Number of pages7
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Volume21
Issue number1
Early online date1 Sep 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

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