Base-modified GDP-mannose derivatives and their substrate activity towards a yeast mannosyltransferase

Alice Collier, Gerd K. Wagner

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Abstract

We have previously developed a new class of inhibitors and chemical probes for glycosyltransferases through base-modification of the sugar-nucleotide donor. The key feature of these donor analogues is the presence of an additional substituent at the nucleobase. To date, the application of this general concept has been limited to UDP-sugars and UDP-sugar-dependent glycosyltransferases. Herein, we report for the first time the application of our approach to a GDP-mannose-dependent mannosyltransferase. We have prepared four GDP-mannose derivatives with an additional substituent at either position 6 or 8 of the nucleobase. These donor analogues were recognised as donor substrates by the mannosyltransferase Kre2p from yeast, albeit with significantly lower turnover rates than the natural donor GDP-mannose. The presence of the additional substituent also redirected enzyme activity from glycosyl transfer to donor hydrolysis. Taken together, our results suggest that modification of the donor nucleobase is, in principle, a viable strategy for probe and inhibitor development against GDP-mannose-dependent GTs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-96
JournalCarbohydrate Research
Volume452
Early online date21 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Mannosyltransferase
  • NDP-mannose
  • Donor analogue
  • Substrate

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