Benevolent leadership: Conceptualization and construct development

Fahri Karakas, Emine Sarigollu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


This research examines benevolent leadership and makes three key contributions to organizational research. The first contribution is a theoretical one; the development of a theory-grounded conceptual model of benevolent leadership based on four streams of creating common good in organizations: morality, spirituality, vitality, and community. The second contribution is the development of an instrument (Benevolent Leadership Scale) to measure the construct of benevolent leadership. This scale is composed of four dimensions: Ethical Sensitivity, Spiritual Depth, Positive Engagement, and Community Responsiveness. The third contribution is of empirical nature: the exploration of potential outcomes of benevolent leadership in organizations, affective commitment, and organizational citizenship behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537–553
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Business Ethics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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