Beyond contaminated land assessment: On costs and benefits of bioaccessibility prediction

Agnieszka E. Latawiec, Brian J. Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Advances towards sustainable land management necessitate application of a broader portfolio of decision-support tools that improve evaluation of contaminated land. Over the last decade regulators have directed concerted effort towards rationalization of risk-based contaminated land policies recognizing bioavailability and bioaccessibility as concepts to be incorporated into risk assessments. The desire for a precise and rapid method to inform consideration of bioavailability and bioaccessibility to support risk assessment of contaminated land has never been greater. This study presents a comprehensive appraisal of both emerging non-exhaustive extraction techniques (subcritical water extraction and Brij 700 extraction) developed to reflect polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) bioaccessibility to microorganisms as well as formerly demonstrated methodologies (the use of cyclodextrins and butanol extraction). Application of unified evaluation criteria across different techniques enabled comparison not only from the bioaccessibility prediction perspective but also analysis of economical (cost of extraction) and practical (such as extraction time) measures. Whilst the use of cyclodextrins was the best predictor of the bioaccessible fraction for the majority of compounds, other methods appeared more cost- and time-effective. Juxtaposition of the techniques presented in this study assists establishing cost-benefit trade-offs of different non-exhaustive extraction techniques and contributes to tailoring information on contaminant bioaccessibility to support risk evaluation on contaminated sites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-919
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironment International
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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