Biochar increased water holding capacity but accelerated organic carbon leaching from a sloping farmland soil in China

Chen Liu, Honglan Wang, Xiangyu Tang, Zhuo Guan, Brian J. Reid, Anushka Upamali Rajapaksha, Yong Sik Ok, Hui Sun

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Abstract

A hydrologically contained field study, to assess biochar (produced from mixed crop straws) influence upon soil hydraulic properties and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) leaching, was conducted on a loamy soil (entisol). he soil, noted for its low plant-available water and low soil organic matter, is the most important arable soil type in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River catchment, China. Pore size distribution characterization (by N2 adsorption, mercury intrusion, and water retention) showed that the biochar had a tri-modal pore size distribution. This included pores with diameters in the range of 0.1–10 μm that can retain plant available water. Comparison of soil water retention curves between the control (0) and the biochar plots (16 t ha−1 on dry weight basis) demonstrated biochar amendment to increase soil water holding capacity. However, significant increases in DOC concentration of soil pore water in both the plough layer and the undisturbed subsoil layer were observed in the biochar-amended plots. An increased loss of DOC relative to the control was observed upon rainfall events. Measurements of excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence indicated the DOC increment originated primarily from the organic carbon pool in the soil that became more soluble following biochar incorporation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)995-1006
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume23
Issue number2
Early online date25 Jun 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Biochar
  • Soil
  • Pore size distribution
  • water holding capacity
  • DOC
  • EEM fluorescence

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