Biocultural approaches to pollinator conservation

Rosemary Hill (Lead Author), Guiomar Nates-Parra, Jose Javier Quezada-Euán, Damayanti Buchori, Gretchen LeBuhn, Marcia Maués, Petina Pert, Peter Kwapong, Shafqat Saeed, Sara Breslow, Manuela Carneiro da Cunha, Lynn Dicks, Leonardo Galetto, Mary Gikungu, Brad Howlett, Vera Imperatriz-Fonseca, Berta Martín-López, Elisa Oteros-Rozas, Phil Lyver, Simon G. PottsMarie Roué

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Abstract

Pollinators underpin sustainable livelihoods that link ecosystems, spiritual and cultural values, and customary governance systems with indigenous peoples and local communities (IPLC) across the world. Biocultural diversity is a short-hand term for this great variety of people-nature interlinkages that have developed over time in specific ecosystems. Biocultural approaches to conservation explicitly build on the conservation practices inherent in sustaining these livelihoods. We used the Conceptual Framework of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services to analyse the biocultural approaches to pollinator conservation by indigenous peoples and local communities globally. The analysis identified biocultural approaches to pollinators across all six elements of the Conceptual Framework, with conservation-related practices occurring in sixty countries, in all continents except Antarctica. Practices of IPLC that are significant for biocultural approaches to pollinator conservation can be grouped into three categories: the practice of valuing diversity and fostering biocultural diversity; landscape management practices; and diversified farming systems. Particular IPLCs may use some or all of these practices. Policies that recognise customary tenure over traditional lands, strengthen Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas, promote heritage listing and support diversified farming within a food sovereignty approach, are among several identified that strengthen biocultural approaches to pollinator conservation, and thereby deliver mutual benefits for pollinators and people.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-222
JournalNature Sustainability
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Mar 2019

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