Biomaterials in hip joint replacement

Sachin G. Ghalme, Ankush Mankar, Yogesh Jayant Bhalerao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Total hip joint replacement is unavoidable in the orthopedic application, for improving the quality of patient life suffering from arthritis. Replacing damaged joint with artificial joint gaining popularity and it became a need in such cases. While joint replacement represents success stories in the field of orthopedic surgery, but maintaining implant for last long is still challenge. The average lifespan of hip joint replacement is about 15 years. Last 50 years research in the field of orthopedics trying to evaluate the biomaterials for hip joint replacement with improved performance in terms of extending joint life. In early days different kind of natural materials like wood, glue, rubber, tissue from living forms and manufactured materials like iron, gold and zinc were used as biomaterials based on trial and error. Biomaterials are such materials which are intended to replace a part or function of the body in reliably economically and physiologically acceptable manner. The aim of this review is to present the overall evaluation of biomaterials mainly developed for a hip joint replacement from early days to current days. In this paper attempt has been made to summarize the evolution of the biomaterial from early days of metals, polymers to present days of ceramics commonly used in the field of orthopedic for hip joint replacement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-125
Number of pages13
JournalIARC Sci Publ
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Cite this