Projects per year
Compared to the cohort of people born in 1924, successive cohorts of older men have lower odds of having at least one functional difficulty (FD), whereas no significant trend was found for women. Among people with at least one FD, however, the number of disabilities increases for each successive cohort of older women (incidence rate ratio 1.027, 95% confidence interval 1.023 to 1.031, P<0.001) and men (incidence rate ratio 1.028, 95% confidence interval 1.024 to 1.033, P<0.001). By allowing interactions between birth cohort and SES indicators, a significant increasing cohort trend in the number of reported FDs was found among older men and women at lower SES, whereas an almost stable pattern was observed at high SES. Our results suggest that the overall slightly increasing birth-cohort trend in functional difficulties observed among current cohorts of older people in the UK hides underlying increases among low SES individuals and a relative small reduction among high SES individuals. Further studies are needed to understand the causes of such trends and to propose appropriate interventions. However, if the SES differentials in trends in FDs observed in the past continue, this could have important implications for the future costs of the public system of care and support for people with care needs.
- Older people
- Socio-economic status
- birth-cohort trends
- Norwich Medical School - Honorary Professorial Fellow
- Business and Local Government Data Research Centre - Member
- Centre for Research on Children and Families - Member
- Health Economics - Member
- Health Services and Primary Care - Member
- Public Health and Health Services Research - Member
Person: Honorary, Research Group Member, Research Centre Member
- 1 Finished
Hancock, R., Morciano, M. & Pudney, S.
1/11/12 → 31/10/14