Blue carbon: Challenges for definition, valuation and governance

Tiziana Luisetti, Ellen Mcharg, Glen Smith, Christa Brunnschweiler, Ruth Parker, Meri Juntti, Lisa Benson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Blue Carbon ecosystems (mangroves, saltmarshes and seagrasses) and marine sediments support the
provision of climate mitigation and adaptation services, as well as of biodiversity. Nowadays these ecosystems are at high risk of degradation. Sea level rise, coastal and marine pollution, physical disturbance and global warming are major threats to these coastal and marine habitats and their ecosystems. In this chapter, we provide an overview of how complex the economic valuation of Blue Carbon may be focusing on: the definition of Blue Carbon; the biophysical measurement required for Blue Carbon valuation; and the governance and management challenges that Blue Carbon projects and policies face.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTreatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science
EditorsDan Baird, Mike Elliott
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Biophysical measurements
  • Blue carbon
  • Coastal governance
  • Coastal habitats
  • Coastal management
  • Conservation
  • Economic valuation
  • Finance
  • Local communities
  • Mangroves
  • Marine sediments
  • Natural capital
  • Restoration
  • Saltmarshes
  • Seagrasses

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