This chapter discusses the challenges that Brexit poses to three border conflicts. It argues that the decision of the UK to leave the single market and the customs union threatens the cross-border cooperation and as such creates tensions to the political and economic life of those societies. At the same time, the UK’s withdrawal from the EU questions the fragile balance that has been achieved on the question of sovereignty of those territories. The relevant legal arrangements that have been used aim at addressing this issue by providing for differentiated (extra)territorial application of EU law in those regions post-Brexit. In that way some continuity to their current EU legal status is achieved. However, while the idea of a differentiated Brexit has been accepted for the Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus and Gibraltar, it has been vehemently rejected for Northern Ireland.
|Title of host publication||The Routledge Handbook of Differentiation in the European Union|
|Editors||Benjamin Leruth, Stefan Gänzle, Jarle Trondal|
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 11 May 2022|