Both D- and L-glucose polyphosphates mimic D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate: new synthetic agonists and partial agonists at the Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptor

Megan Shipton (Lead Author), Andrew M. Riley, Ana Rossi, Charles Brearley, Colin Taylor, Barry V. L. Potter

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9 Citations (Scopus)
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Chiral sugar derivatives are potential cyclitol surrogates of the Ca2+-mobilizing intracellular messenger d-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3]. Six novel polyphosphorylated analogues derived from both d- and l-glucose were synthesized. Binding to Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptors [Ins(1,4,5)P3R] and the ability to release Ca2+ from intracellular stores via type 1 Ins(1,4,5)P3Rs were investigated. β-d-Glucopyranosyl 1,3,4-tris-phosphate, with similar phosphate regiochemistry and stereochemistry to Ins(1,4,5)P3, and α-d-glucopyranosyl 1,3,4-tris-phosphate are full agonists, being equipotent and 23-fold less potent than Ins(1,4,5)P3, respectively, in Ca2+-release assays and similar to Ins(1,4,5)P3 and 15-fold weaker in binding assays. They can be viewed as truncated analogues of adenophostin A and refine understanding of structure-activity relationships for this Ins(1,4,5)P3R agonist. l-Glucose-derived ligands, methyl α-l-glucopyranoside 2,3,6-trisphosphate and methyl α-l-glucopyranoside 2,4,6-trisphosphate, are also active, while their corresponding d-enantiomers, methyl α-d-glucopyranoside 2,3,6-trisphosphate and methyl α-d-glucopyranoside 2,4,6-trisphosphate, are inactive. Interestingly, both l-glucose-derived ligands are partial agonists: they are among the least efficacious agonists of Ins(1,4,5)P3R yet identified, providing new leads for antagonist development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5442–5457
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number10
Early online date14 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2020

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