Bradycardia and syncope as sole manifestations of a cranial lesion: a case report

Dmitri Pchejetski, Mojiba Kenbaz, Heba Alshaker, Kiruparajan Jesudason

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bradycardia and syncope are known sequelae of brain lesions. However, in the absence of neurological signs and symptoms, bradycardia and syncope are often investigated purely from the cardiovascular perspective and central nervous system-related causes may be easily overlooked during differential diagnosis.

CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report a case of a 69-year-old Caucasian man who presented to the emergency department after a fall. He had 1-year history of syncope and bradycardia with frequent ectopic beats shown on his electrocardiogram. He had no neurological symptoms. He was previously investigated as an out-patient and a diagnosis of idiopathic bradycardia with ventricular ectopic beats was made. On admission, cardiovascular investigations could not reveal the cause of his bradycardia. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans of his head showed a localized mass in left basal ganglia consistent with infiltrating glioma.

CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge this is the first case report demonstrating central nervous system-related bradycardia and syncope without other neurological symptoms. This case will serve as a useful reminder to general practitioners, accident and emergency doctors, and cardiologists.

Original languageEnglish
Article number24
JournalJournal of Medical Case Reports
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2020

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