Bushmeat hunting and extinction risk to the world's mammals

William J. Ripple, Katharine Abernethy, Matthew G. Betts, Guillaume Chapron, Rodolfo Dirzo, Mauro Galetti, Taal Levi, Peter A. Lindsey, David W. Macdonald, Brian Machovina, Thomas M. Newsome, Carlos A. Peres, Arian D. Wallach, Christopher Wolf, Hillary Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

215 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Terrestrial mammals are experiencing a massive collapse in their population sizes and geographical ranges around the world, but many of the drivers, patterns and consequences of this decline remain poorly understood. Here we provide an analysis showing that bushmeat hunting for mostly food and medicinal products is driving a global crisis whereby 301 terrestrial mammal species are threatened with extinction. Nearly all of these threatened species occur in developing countries where major coexisting threats include deforestation, agricultural expansion, human encroachment and competition with livestock. The unrelenting decline of mammals suggests many vital ecological and socio-economic services that these species provide will be lost, potentially changing ecosystems irrevocably. We discuss options and current obstacles to achieving effective conservation, alongside consequences of failure to stem such anthropogenic mammalian extirpation. We propose a multi-pronged conservation strategy to help save threatened mammals from immediate extinction and avoid a collapse of food security for hundreds of millions of people.
Original languageEnglish
Article number160375
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Volume3
Early online date19 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

Keywords

  • wild meat
  • bushmeat
  • hunting
  • mammals
  • extinction

Cite this