Cardiac resynchronization therapy with His bundle pacing

Krzysztof Boczar, Agnieszka Slawuta, Andrzej Zabek, Maciej Debski, Pugazhendhi Vijayaraman, Jacek Gajek, Jacek Lelakowski, Barbara Malecka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: A novel therapy offering cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with an additional lead placed in His bundle has been reported in a few case reports and case series as improving the hemodynamical and clinical condition of patients with permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) in whom other therapeutic methods have not been successful.

Methods: Fourteen consecutive patients with permanent AF, heart failure (HF), bundle branch block (BBB) with QRS complex width >130 ms, and impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) underwent implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)/CRT systems with His bundle pacing (HBP). During the follow-up, we assessed the efficacy of ICD/CRT systems with HBP in HF treatment.

Results: The study cohort consisted of 14 patients with the mean age of 67.35 ± 10 years. The mean duration of QRS was 159.2 ± 28.6 ms, mean LVEF was 24.36 ± 10.7%, and mean follow-up duration was 14.4 months. One patient died due to HF aggravation during the follow-up. In the remaining 13 patients, the mean LVEF significantly improved from 24% to 38%, P = 0.0015. The left ventricular end-diastolic dimension decreased from 72 mm to 59 mm, P < 0.001; left ventricular end-systolic dimension decreased from 59 mm to 47 mm, P = 0.0026. The mean QRS duration shortened from 159 ms to 128 ms, P = 0.016. The mean percentage of HBP reached 97%. As a result, 92.3% of patients demonstrated significant improvement in the New York Heart Association functional class, P < 0.001.

Conclusion: The use of atrial channel for HBP, choice of optimal ICD/CRT pacing configuration, and optimization of pharmacological therapy resulted in a substantial narrowing of QRS width and clinical improvement in left ventricular mechanical function during the follow-up.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-380
JournalPacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume42
Issue number3
Early online date19 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Cite this