Characterization of a putative NsrR homologue in Streptomyces venezuelae reveals a new member of the Rrf2 superfamily

John T. Munnoch, Ma Teresa Pellicer Martinez, Dimitri A. Svistunenko, Jason C. Crack, Nick E. Le Brun, Matthew I. Hutchings

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Members of the Rrf2 superfamily of transcription factors are widespread in bacteria but their functions are largely unexplored. The few that have been characterized in detail sense nitric oxide (NsrR), iron limitation (RirA), cysteine availability (CymR) and the iron sulfur (Fe-S) cluster status of the cell (IscR). In this study we combined ChIP-seq with in vitro biochemistry to characterize a putative NsrR homologue in the model organism Streptomyces venezuelae. ChIP seq analysis revealed that rather than regulating the nitrosative stress response like NsrR, Sven6563 binds to a different, much larger regulon of genes with a diverse range of functions, including a range of regulators, genes required for glutamine synthesis, NADH/NAD(P)H metabolism, as well as general DNA/RNA and amino acid/protein turn over. Our biochemical experiments further show that Sven6563 has a [2Fe-2S] cluster and that the switch between oxidized and reduced cluster controls its DNA binding activity in vitro. To our knowledge, both the sensing domain and the target gene regulon are novel for an Rrf2 protein, suggesting Sven6563 represents a new member of the Rrf2 superfamily. Given the redox sensitivity of its Fe-S cluster we have tentatively named the protein RsrR for Redox sensitive response Regulator.
Original languageEnglish
Article number31597
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2016

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