Characterization of protein/protein interactions involved in iron reduction by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1

Daniel E. Ross, Shane S. Ruebush, Susan L. Brantley, Robert S. Hartshorne, Thomas A. Clarke, David J. Richardson, Ming Tien

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Abstract

The interaction of proteins implicated in dissimilatory metal reduction by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 (outer membrane [OM] proteins OmcA, MtrB, and MtrC; OM-associated protein MtrA; periplasmic protein CctA; and cytoplasmic membrane protein CymA) were characterized by protein purification, analytical ultracentrifugation, and cross-linking methods. Five of these proteins are heme proteins, OmcA (83 kDa), MtrC (75 kDa), MtrA (32 kDa), CctA (19 kDa), and CymA (21 kDa), and can be visualized after sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis by heme staining. We show for the first time that MtrC, MtrA, and MtrB form a 198-kDa complex with a 1:1:1 stoichiometry. These proteins copurify through anion-exchange chromatography, and the purified complex has the ability to reduce multiple forms of Fe(III) and Mn(IV). Additionally, MtrA fractionates with the OM through sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation, and MtrA comigrates with MtrB in native gels. Protein cross-linking of whole cells with 1% formaldehyde show new heme bands of 160, 151, 136, and 59 kDa. Using antibodies to detect each protein separately, heme proteins OmcA and MtrC were shown to cross-link, yielding the 160-kDa band. Consistent with copurification results, MtrB cross-links with MtrA, forming high-molecular-mass bands of approximately 151 and 136 kDa.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5797-5808
Number of pages12
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume73
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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