We aimed to determine whether patients with concomitant community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at greater risk of death when compared with those with CAP or acute COPD exacerbation alone. We also assessed the effect of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) on pneumonia mortality in COPD.
- Administration, Inhalation
- Cohort Studies
- Community-Acquired Infections
- Middle Aged
- Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
- Respiratory System Agents
- Risk Factors