Clinical benefit of drugs targeting mitochondrial function as an adjunct to reperfusion in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: A meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials

Gianluca Campo, Rita Pavasini, Giampaolo Morciano, A. Michael Lincoff, C. Michael Gibson, Masafumi Kitakaze, Jacob Lonborg, Amrita Ahluwalia, Hideki Ishii, Michael Frenneaux, Michel Ovize, Marcello Galvani, Dan Atar, Borja Ibanez, Giampaolo Cerisano, Simone Biscaglia, Brandon J. Neil, Masanori Asakura, Thomas Engstrom, Daniel A. JonesDana Dawson, Roberto Ferrari, Paolo Pinton, Filippo Ottani

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Aims: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCT) comparing the effectiveness of drugs targeting mitochondrial function vs. placebo in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing mechanical coronary reperfusion.

Methods: Inclusion criteria: RCTs enrolling STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and comparing drugs targeting mitochondrial function vs. placebo. Odds ratios (OR) were computed from individual studies and pooled with random-effect meta-analysis.

Results: Fifteen studies were identified involving 5680 patients. When compared with placebo, drugs targeting mitochondrial component/pathway were not associated with significant reduction of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality (OR 0.9, 95% CI 0.7–1.17 and OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.69–1.23, respectively). However, these agents significantly reduced hospital admission for heart failure (HF) (OR 0.64; 95% CI 0.45–0.92) and increased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (OR 1.44; 95% CI 1.15–1.82). After analysis for subgroups according to the mechanism of action, drugs with direct/selective action did not reduce any outcome. Conversely, those with indirect/unspecific action showed a significant effect on cardiovascular mortality (0.65, 95% CI 0.46–0.92), all-cause mortality (OR 0.69, 95% CI 0.52–0.92), hospital readmission for HF (OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.28–0.6) and LVEF (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.09–2.05).

Conclusions: Administration of drugs targeting mitochondrial function in STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI appear to have no effect on mortality, but may reduce hospital readmission for HF. The drugs with a broad-spectrum mechanism of action seem to be more effective in reducing adverse events.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-66
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Early online date13 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017


  • Mitochondrial function
  • ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
  • Primary percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Mortality
  • Reperfusion injury

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