Coastal and marine systems

Rick Stafford, Matthew Ashley, Laura Clavey, Luciana S. Esteves, Natalie Hicks, Audrey Jones, Paul Leonard, Tiziana Luisetti, Angela Martin, Ruth Parker, Siân Rees, Michaela Schratzberger, Richard Unsworth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The oceans absorb around 30% of anthropogenically produced carbon globally, as well as converting between 50-70% of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) into oxygen via algal photosynthesis1,2,3. United Kingdom (UK) waters (not including overseas territories) are ~3.5 times greater in area than the land mass4 , meaning NbS in the ocean could play a very significant role as a carbon sink in the UK’s carbon budget. This chapter reviews the carbon sequestration potential of marine habitats (often referred to as Blue Carbon), alongside the benefits to adaptation and biodiversity that they bring. It considers threats and appropriate management measures to ensure these benefits are maintained and maximised in the future.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNature-based Solutions for Climate Change in the UK
Subtitle of host publicationA Report by the British Ecological Society
PublisherBritish Ecological Society
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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