The oceans absorb around 30% of anthropogenically produced carbon globally, as well as converting between 50-70% of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) into oxygen via algal photosynthesis1,2,3. United Kingdom (UK) waters (not including overseas territories) are ~3.5 times greater in area than the land mass4 , meaning NbS in the ocean could play a very significant role as a carbon sink in the UK’s carbon budget. This chapter reviews the carbon sequestration potential of marine habitats (often referred to as Blue Carbon), alongside the benefits to adaptation and biodiversity that they bring. It considers threats and appropriate management measures to ensure these benefits are maintained and maximised in the future.
|Title of host publication
|Nature-based Solutions for Climate Change in the UK
|Subtitle of host publication
|A Report by the British Ecological Society
|British Ecological Society
|Number of pages
|Published - 2021