Cognitive consequences of perceiving social exclusion

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Abstract

Although a great deal is now known about how people mentally represent individuals and groups, less attention has been paid to the question of how interpersonal relationships are represented in memory. Drawing on principles of categorization, this paper reports an investigation into how we mentally represent the relationships of others. In three experiments, evidence for assimilation effects following social exclusion (and subsequent categorization) is found. Experiment 1 uses a judgment paradigm to demonstrate that social exclusion influences the perception of interpersonal closeness. Experiments 2 and 3 employ a memory confusion paradigm to establish that representations of relationship partners are assimilated following the exclusion of a third party.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1003-1012
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume44
Issue number4
Early online date21 Mar 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

Keywords

  • social exclusion
  • relationship representation
  • categorization

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