Collaborative Learning in Practice (CLIP): Evaluation of a new approach to clinical learning

Rebekah Hill, Michael Woodward, Antony Arthur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
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Background: There are challenges in creating positive clinical learning environments. A new model of practice learning for pre-registration nurse education was pilot-tested in the East of England. The Collaborative Learning in Practice model (CLIP) was developed from a similar model of practice learning used in the Netherlands.
Objectives: We undertook an evaluation of a new approach to clinical learning. The aims of the project were to consider the challenges of implementation; consider the perception of gains and losses of students and stakeholders experiencing the new model of practice learning; and consider the sustainability of the new model in the context of service delivery.
Methods: Mixed methods were used. Data were collected in three forms: (1) a survey of students undertaking the CLIP model and those learning within the existing mentorship model to assess the supervisory relationships and pedagogical atmosphere experienced; (2) student focus groups; and (3) qualitative one-to-one interviews with key stakeholders in the provision of practice learning environments.
Results: A total of 607 questionnaires were returned out of the 738 distributed, five focus groups of a total of 30 students were undertaken, and 13 stakeholders were interviewed. Students who had experienced CLIP reported lower supervisory relationship scores compared with those without experience (mean difference = −0.24 points, 95% CI −0.21 to −0.094, p = 0.001). There was no difference in pedagogical atmosphere scores (mean difference −0.085 points, 95% CI −0.21 to 0.040, p = 0.19). Analysis of qualitative data produced two themes: ‘Adapting the environment’ illustrated the importance of learning context and ‘learning to fly’ highlighted the process of students gaining greater autonomy.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that collaborative learning in practice offers many benefits as an approach to clinical learning but with important caveats. Attention needs to be paid to particular aspects of the model such as sufficient numbers of students, and an acknowledgement of perceived losses as well as gains.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104295
Number of pages6
JournalNurse Education Today
Early online date21 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020



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