Collagenase-2 deficiency or inhibition impairs experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in mice

Alicia R. Folgueras, Antonio Fueyo, Olivia Garcia-Suarez, Jennifer Cox, Aurora Astudillo, Paolo Tortorella, Cristina Campestre, Ana Gutierrez-Fernandez, Miriam Fanjul-Fernandez, Caroline J. Pennington, Dylan R. Edwards, Christopher M. Overall, Carlos Lopez-Otin

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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in a variety of human diseases, including neuroimmunological disorders such as multiple sclerosis. However, the recent finding that some MMPs play paradoxical protective roles in these diseases has made necessary the detailed study of the specific function of each family member in their pathogenesis. To determine the relevance of collagenase-2 (MMP-8) in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model for multiple sclerosis, we have performed two different analyses involving genetic and biochemical approaches. First, we have analyzed the development of EAE in mutant mouse deficient in MMP-8, with the finding that the absence of this proteolytic enzyme is associated with a marked reduction in the clinical symptoms of EAE. We have also found that MMP-8-/- mice exhibit a marked reduction in central nervous system-infiltrating cells and demyelinating lesions. As a second approach, we have carried out a pharmacological inhibition of MMP-8 with a selective inhibitor against this protease (IC50 = 0.4 nm). These studies have revealed that the administration of the MMP-8 selective inhibitor to mice with EAE also reduces the severity of the disease. Based on these findings, we conclude that MMP-8 plays an important role in EAE development and propose that this enzyme may be a novel therapeutic target in human neuro-inflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9465-9474
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2008

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