Colour correction in theory and practice

S. D. Hordley, J. F. Paul, G. D. Finlayson

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


Most digital cameras transform their raw RGB values into a device independent colour space such as CIE XYZ space so that images can be accurately reproduced on a display device. This transform is derived based on prior knowledge about the typical colour stimuli the device will encounter. One way to obtain this knowledge is by calibration: a transform is de rived from measurements of a set of re?ectance functions imaged under a known illuminant. Alternatively, the transform can be derived by making theoretical assumptions about the statistical distribution of colour stimuli. In this paper we propose a correction procedure which is a compromise between these two approaches. We posit that accurate correction is best achieved, by making use of prior knowledge about both surfaces and illuminants. We argue that our prior knowledge of scene illuminants is best modelled by a theoretical approach which only constrains illuminants to be physically realisable, but that accurate knowledge of surface re?ectance can be obtained by calibration. We then show how these two independent models can be combined to form a model of colour stimuli, and from this, an appropriate colour correction transform. Finally, we present an empirical analysis which shows that our compromise solution a?ords very good colour correction and performs slightly better than previous approaches.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2005
Event5th IASTED International Conference on Visualization, Imaging and Image Processing - Benidorm, Spain
Duration: 1 Sep 2005 → …


Conference5th IASTED International Conference on Visualization, Imaging and Image Processing
Period1/09/05 → …

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