Combination of tumor necrosis factor-α ablation and matrix metalloproteinase inhibition prevents heart failure after pressure overload in tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 knock-out mice

Zamaneh Kassiri, Gavin Y. Oudit, Otto Sanchez, Fayez Dawood, Fazilat F. Mohammed, Robert K. Nuttall, Dylan R. Edwards, Peter P. Liu, Peter H. Backx, Rama Khokha

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139 Citations (Scopus)


show that tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-3 is a critical regulator of both systems in a mouse model of left ventricular (LV) dilation and dysfunction. Timp-3−/− mice develop precipitous LV dilation and dysfunction reminiscent of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), culminating in early onset of heart failure by 6 weeks, compared with wild-type aortic-banding (AB). Timp-3 deficiency resulted in increased TNFα converting enzyme (TACE) activity within 6 hours after AB leading to enhanced tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) processing. In addition, TNFα production increased in timp-3−/−-AB myocardium. A significant elevation in gelatinase and collagenase activities was observed 1 week after AB, with localized ECM degradation in timp-3−/−-AB myocardium. Timp-3−/−/tnfα−/− mice were generated and subjected to AB for comparative analyses with timp-3−/−-AB mice. This revealed the critical role of TNFα in the early phase of LV remodeling, de novo expression of Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-8 in the absence of TNFα, and highlighted the importance of interstitial collagenases (MMP-2, MMP-13, and MT1-MMP) for cardiac ECM degradation. Ablation of TNFα, or limiting MMP activity with a synthetic MMP inhibitor (PD166793), each partially attenuated LV dilation and cardiac dysfunction in timp-3−/−-AB mice. Notably, combining TNFα ablation with MMP inhibition completely rescued heart disease in timp-3−/−-AB mice. This study provides a basis for anti-TNFα and MMP inhibitor combination therapy in heart disease.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-390
Number of pages11
JournalCirculation Research
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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