Combined ligand and fragment-based drug design of selective histone deacetylase – 6 inhibitors

Dusan Ruzic, Milos Petkovic, Danica Agbaba, A. Ganesan, Katarina Nikolic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is unique hydrolase within HDAC family, having pleiotropic deacetylase activity against α-tubulin, cortactin and dynein. Comprehensively, HDAC6 controls cell motility, apoptosis and protein folding, whereas alterations in its structure and function are related to the pathogenesis of cancer, neurodegeneration and inflammation. To define structural motifs which guide HDAC6 selectivity, we developed and compared three-dimensional Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (3D-QSAR) models for HDAC1 and HDAC6 inhibitors. The reduction of the bias in conformer generation was supported by virtual docking study by using crystal structures of human HDAC1 and HDAC6 isoforms. Following these findings, the combined ligand-based and fragment-based drug design methodologies were used in the design of selective HDAC6 inhibitors. Group of the most promising novel ligands was selected based on the predicted HDAC6 selectivity, pharmacokinetic profile, synthetic tractability, and in silico cytotoxicity against the wide range of human cancer cell lines.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800083
JournalMolecular Informatics
Volume38
Issue number5
Early online date11 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • 3D-QSAR
  • Epidrugs
  • HDAC6
  • Rational drug design

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