This article analyzes the causes of combat effectiveness of the South Korean security forces through the course of its various counter-insurgency (COIN) operations from 1948 to 1953. We argue that improvements in two interrelated aspects ultimately resulted in higher operational and tactical level performance: unified operational command structure and the subsequent improvements in tactical efficiency under the guidance of the US advisory mission. Through an in-depth case study on how a nascent army improved its capacity in combating homegrown insurgencies, we demonstrate how the actual conduct of operations itself remains just as significant in the assessment of overall COIN outcomes.
- Counterinsurgency (COIN)
- indigenous forces
- interagency cooperation and coordination
- Korean Constabulary (KC)
- Korean National Police (KNP)
- Republic of Korea Army (ROKA)
- tactical effectiveness