Comparative NMR study on the reactions of Hf(IV) organometallic complexes with Al/Zn alkyls

Luca Rocchigiani, Vincenzo Busico, Antonello Pastore, Alceo Macchioni

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NMR spectroscopy has been exploited to investigate the reactions of Hf(IV) organometallic complexes with trialkylaluminum and dialkylzinc, with the aim of obtaining insights into the elementary steps of coordinative chain transfer polymerization (CCTP). Bis(cyclopentadienyl)hafnium dimethyl (Cp2HfMe2, 1Me2) and [N-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-α-(2-isopropylphenyl)-6-(1-naphthalenyl)-2-pyridinemethanaminato]hafnium dimethyl (2Me2) complexes have been chosen as case studies for understanding the differences between poorly performing and highly active CCTP catalysts, in an attempt to assess the effect of the ancillary ligand on the transalkylation rate. 2Me2 was found to react much more quickly with both AlEt3 and ZnEt2 in comparison to 1Me2, mainly due to a remarkably lower activation enthalpy. In addition, while the ethylation rate was found to depend on the nature of the alkylating agent for 1Me2, it does not for 2Me2. This difference in reactivity was observed also in the case of the ion pairs obtained by reacting 1Me2 and 2Me2 with [CPh3][B(C6F5)4]. For the latter species, NMR indicated that two main deactivation pathways, namely anion decomposition and σ-bond methatesis of Hf–alkyl groups, occur.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1241-1250
Number of pages10
Issue number9
Early online date15 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2016

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