Comparing Arabidopsis receptor kinase and receptor protein-mediated immune signaling reveals BIK1-dependent differences

Wei-Lin Wan, Lisha Zhang, Rory Pruitt, Maricris Zaidem, Rik Brugman, Xiyu Ma, Elzbieta Krol, Artemis Perraki, Joachim Kilian, Guido Grossmann, Mark Stahl, Libo Shan, Cyril Zipfel, Jan A.L. van Kan, Rainer Hedrich, Detlef Weigel, Andrea A. Gust, Thorsten Nürnberger

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Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) sense microbial patterns and activate innate immunity against attempted microbial invasions. The leucine‐rich repeat receptor kinases (LRR‐RK) FLS2 and EFR, and the LRR receptor protein (LRR‐RP) receptors RLP23 and RLP42, respectively, represent prototypical members of these two prominent and closely related PRR families.
We conducted a survey of Arabidopsis thaliana immune signaling mediated by these receptors to address the question of commonalities and differences between LRR‐RK and LRR‐RP signaling.
Quantitative differences in timing and amplitude were observed for several early immune responses, with RP‐mediated responses typically being slower and more prolonged than those mediated by RKs. Activation of RLP23, but not FLS2, induced the production of camalexin. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that RLP23‐regulated genes represent only a fraction of those genes differentially expressed upon FLS2 activation. Several positive and negative regulators of FLS2‐signaling play similar roles in RLP23 signaling. Intriguingly, the cytoplasmic receptor kinase BIK1, a positive regulator of RK signaling, acts as a negative regulator of RP‐type immune receptors in a manner dependent on BIK1 kinase activity.
Our study unveiled unexpected differences in two closely related receptor systems and reports a new negative role of BIK1 in plant immunity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2080-2095
Number of pages16
JournalNew Phytologist
Issue number4
Early online date25 Sep 2018
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


  • Arabidopsis
  • immune receptor
  • immune signaling comparison
  • plant immunity
  • receptor kinase
  • receptor protein

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