Comparison of cognitive performance and aspects of the care context in elderly caregivers in Brazil: a follow-up study

Ana Carolina Ottaviani, Allan Gustavo Bregola, Mariélli Terassi, Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Érica Nestor Souza, Nathalia Alves de Oliveira, Francisco José Fraga, Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini

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6 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Cognitive health is important for the quality of life and well-being of elderly caregivers. Cognitive impairments can negatively affect the ability to care for oneself and others. Objective: To compare cognitive performance and aspects of the care context in elderly caregivers of older adults in a three-year follow-up investigation Methods: A longitudinal study was conducted of 61 elderly caregivers treated in primary care in a city in the interior of the state of São Paulo with data collected in 2014 and 2017. Sociodemographic characteristics, the care context, cognition, performance for activities of daily living, burden and depressive symptoms were collected in individual interviews. Data analysis was performed to compare categorical and continuous variables. Results: Significant increases were found between baseline and follow-up for the language domain score of the cognitive evaluation (p=0.024), receipt of material support (p=0.020), time providing care (p=0.045) and dependence of elderly care recipient for basic activities of daily living (p=0.042). Conclusion: Elderly caregivers performed better on the domain of language, received more material/financial support, spent more time on care and reported greater dependence of the elderly care recipient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-164
Number of pages6
JournalDementia e Neuropsychologia
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Caregivers
  • Cognition
  • Mental health
  • Primary health care

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