Complementary syntheses giving access to a full suite of differentially substituted phthalocyanine-porphyrin hybrids

Faeza Alkorbi, Alejandro Díaz-Moscoso, Jacob Gretton, Isabelle Chambrier, Graham J. Tizzard, Simon J. Coles, David L. Hughes, Andrew N. Cammidge

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8 Citations (Scopus)
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Phthalocyanines and porphyrins are often the scaffolds of choice for use in widespread applications. Synthetic advances allow bespoke derivatives to be made, tailoring their properties. The selective synthesis of unsymmetrical systems, particularly phthalocyanines, has remained a significant unmet challenge. Porphyrin-phthalocyanine hybrids offer the potential to combine the favorable features of both parent structures, but again synthetic strategies are poorly developed. Here we demonstrate strategies that give straightforward, controlled access to differentially substituted meso-aryl-tetrabenzotriazaporphyrins by reaction between an aryl-aminoisoindolene (A) initiator and a complementary phthalonitrile (B). The choice of precursors and reaction conditions allows selective preparation of 1:3 Ar-ABBB and, uniquely, 2:2 Ar-ABBA functionalized hybrids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7632-7636
Number of pages5
JournalAngewandte Chemie-International Edition
Issue number14
Early online date11 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2021


  • hybrids
  • phthalocyanines
  • porphyrinoids
  • selectivity

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