Confidence in value-based choice

Benedetto de Martino, Stephen M. Fleming, Neil Garrett, Raymond J. Dolan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

242 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Decisions are never perfect, with confidence in one’s choices fluctuating over time. How subjective confidence and valuation of choice options interact at the level of brain and behavior is unknown. Using a dynamic model of the decision process, we show that confidence reflects the evolution of a decision variable over time, explaining the observed relation between confidence, value, accuracy and reaction time. As predicted by our dynamic model, we show that a functional magnetic resonance imaging signal in human ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) reflects both value comparison and confidence in the value comparison process. Crucially, individuals varied in how they related confidence to accuracy, allowing us to show that this introspective ability is predicted by a measure of functional connectivity between vmPFC and rostrolateral prefrontal cortex. Our findings provide a mechanistic link between noise in value comparison and metacognitive awareness of choice, enabling us both to want and to express knowledge of what we want.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-110
Number of pages6
JournalNature Neuroscience
Volume16
Issue number1
Early online date9 Dec 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

Cite this