Conflict neutralization on binary space partitioning

A. James, A. M. Day

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The Binary Space Partitioning (BSP) tree achieves fast hidden surface removal for most practical applications where an observer can move through a scene of static objects. However, the BSP algorithm generally increases the number of polygons in a scene due to its splitting stage resulting in a detrimental effect on the priority ordering and more significantly, the display calculations (shading, lighting, shadows, etc.) of the rendering pipeline.

We present the Conflict Neutralization algorithm which attempts to reduce the number of splits more effectively than existing techniques whilst maintaining the ‘standard’ model of a BSP tree. Our idea is similar to Conflict Minimization proposed by Fuchs; the significant difference is that our algorithm recognizes that a polygon suitable for selection in the Minimization criterion may subsequently stop the remainder of polygons achieving some reductions in cuts—with Conflict Neutralization, such a polygon is demoted.

We compare the results of Conflict Neutralization against Conflict Minimization, the Least-crossed with Most-crossed tie-breaking criterion and our own, enhanced implementation of Conflict Minimization. We show how these techniques fall into different ‘depths of analysis’.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-163
Number of pages11
JournalComputer Graphics Forum
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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