Conservation of the PBL-RBOH immune module in land plants

Jiashu Chu, Isabel Monte, Thomas A. DeFalco, Philipp Köster, Paul Derbyshire, Frank Menke, Cyril Zipfel

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The rapid production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a key signaling output in plant immunity. In the angiosperm model species Arabidopsis thaliana (hereafter Arabidopsis), recognition of non- or altered-self elicitor patterns by cell-surface immune receptors activates the receptor-like cytoplasmic kinases (RLCKs) of the AVRPPHB SUSCEPTIBLE 1 (PBS1)-like (PBL) family, particularly BOTRYTIS-INDUCED KINASE1 (BIK1).1,2,3 BIK1/PBLs in turn phosphorylate the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase RESPIRATORY BURST OXIDASE HOMOLOG D (RBOHD) to induce apoplastic ROS production.4,5 PBL and RBOH functions in plant immunity have been extensively characterized in flowering plants. Much less is known about the conservation of pattern-triggered ROS signaling pathways in non-flowering plants. In this study, we show that in the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha (hereafter Marchantia), single members of the RBOH and PBL families, namely MpRBOH1 and MpPBLa, are required for chitin-induced ROS production. MpPBLa directly interacts with and phosphorylates MpRBOH1 at specific, conserved sites within its cytosolic N terminus, and this phosphorylation is essential for chitin-induced MpRBOH1-mediated ROS production. Collectively, our work reveals the functional conservation of the PBL-RBOH module that controls pattern-triggered ROS production in land plants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1130-1137.e5
JournalCurrent Biology
Issue number6
Early online date15 Feb 2023
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2023


  • Marchantia
  • NADPH oxidase
  • Plant immunity
  • evolution
  • kinase
  • phosphorylation
  • reactive oxygen species
  • signaling

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