Corresponding delay-dependent biases in spatial language and spatial memory

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The present study addresses the relationship between linguistic and non-linguistic spatial representations. In three experiments we probe spatial language and spatial memory at the same time points in the task sequence. Experiments 1 and 2 show analogous delay-dependent biases in spatial language and spatial memory. Experiment 3 extends this correspondence, showing that additional perceptual structure along the vertical axis reduces delay-dependent effects in both tasks. These results indicate that linguistic and non-linguistic spatial systems depend on shared underlying representational processes. In addition, we also address how these delay-dependent biases can arise within a single theoretical framework without positing differing prototypes for linguistic and non-linguistic spatial systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-351
Number of pages15
JournalPsychological Research
Issue number3
Early online date2 Sep 2009
Publication statusPublished - May 2010


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Attention
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language
  • Male
  • Mental Recall
  • Orientation
  • Pattern Recognition (Visual)
  • Problem Solving
  • Space Perception
  • Spatial Behavior
  • Time Factors
  • Time Perception

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