Cost-effectiveness of a quality improvement collaborative focusing on patients with diabetes

Loes M. T. Schouten, Louis W. Niessen, Jeroen W. A. M. van de Pas, Richard P. T. M. Grol, Marlies E. J. L. Hulscher

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Objective: To investigate the lifelong health effects, costs, and cost-effectiveness of a quality improvement collaborative focusing on improving diabetes management in an integrated care setting.

Study Design and Methods: Economic evaluation from a healthcare perspective with lifetime horizon alongside a nonrandomized, controlled, before-after study in the Netherlands. Analyses were based on 1861 diabetes patients in 6 intervention and 9 control regions, representing 37 general practices and 13 out-patient clinics. Change in the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study score, remaining lifetime, and costs per quality-adjusted life year gained were calculated. Probabilistic life tables were constructed using the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study risk engine, a validated diabetes model, and nonparametric bootstrapping of individual patient data.

Results: Annual United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study risk scores reduced for cardiovascular events (hazard ratio: 0.83 and 0.98) and cardiovascular mortality (hazard ratio: 0.78 and 0.88) for men and women, respectively. Life expectancy improved by 0.97 and 0.76 years for men and women, and quality-adjusted life years by 0.44 and 0.37, respectively. Higher life expectancy in the intervention group increased lifelong costs by €860 for men and €645 for women. Initial program costs were about €22 per patient. The incremental costs per quality-adjusted life year were €1937 for men and €1751 for women compared with usual care costs. There is a probability >95% that the collaborative is cost-effective, using a threshold of €20,000 per quality-adjusted life year.

Conclusion: Optimizing integrated and patient-centered diabetes care through a quality-improvement collaborative is cost-effective compared with usual care.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)884-891
Number of pages8
JournalMedical Care
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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