Cross-cultural analysis of the role of ambivalent feelings for understanding caregivers’ depressive symptoms

Andrés Losada-Baltar, Naoko Kishita, Lucía Jiménez-Gonzalo, José Fernandes-Pires, Cristina Huertas-Domingo, Milena Contreras, Elien Van Hout, Javier Olazarán, José Ángel Martínez-Huertas, María Márquez-González

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Objectives: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are considered to cause ambivalent feelings in caregivers that may contribute to understanding their depressive symptoms. Transnational research is needed in order to increase our knowledge about the cross-cultural equivalence of theoretical models to understand caregivers’ mental health. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally analyze the association between BPSD, ambivalent feelings and depressive symptoms in two samples of family caregivers of people with dementia from Spain and the UK.
Methods: Participants in this study were 432 caregivers who completed measures of BPSD, ambivalent feelings and depressive symptoms. The association between the assessed variables was tested through path-analysis, with differences between countries tested through multigroup analysis.
Results: The results suggest that the influence of BPSD on caregivers’ depressive symptoms is indirect, through ambivalent feelings. The observed associations were equivalent between countries and explained a significant percentage of the variance of depressive symptoms.
Conclusion: The findings of this study provide, for the first time, evidence of equivalent cross-cultural paths analyzing the role of ambivalent feelings for understanding caregivers’ depressive symptoms. The practical implications of these results are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1307-1312
Number of pages6
JournalAging and Mental Health
Issue number7
Early online date2 Sep 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

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