Curing of DGEBA/ZnO nanocomposite with new fluorinated curing agents: Study of kinetics, water absorption, thermal and photophysical properties

Mousa Ghaemy, Masoomeh Bazzar, Farshad Rahimi Berenjestanaki

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4 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, two new fluorinated curing agents bearing imidazole-bisphenol and imidazole-diamine groups in their structures, namely: 4,4′-(2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-imidazole-4,5-diyl)diphenol (TFIDO) and 4,4′-(4,4′-(2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-imidazole-4,5-diyl)bis(4,1-phenylene)bis(oxy)bis (3-(trifluoromethyl)aniline) (TFIA) were synthesized, fully characterized and used to cure diglycidylether of bisphenol-A (DGEBA)-based epoxy resin and blend of DGEBA with nano ZnO (NZ) particles. Two mechanisms were anticipated to play roles in the curing reactions based on adducts formation and ionic complexes. The DGEBA/TFIDO system was more reactive than the DGEBA/TFIA system, whereas the thermal stability of DGEBA/TFIA was higher than that of DGEBA/TFIDO. These results can be explained by the increase in cross-linking density and more CF3 groups in TFIA. The results indicated that cured materials showed red shift in absorption and fluorescence emission spectra and significant improvements in the water repellency and thermal stability. The NZ particles as catalyst increased the rate of cure reaction by decreasing the activation energy (Ea) and increasing the rate constant values.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)632-645
JournalHigh Performance Polymers
Issue number7
Early online date14 Jun 2012
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012

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