Current Methods of Teaching Listening and Underlying Ideas: A Review of Literature

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this article, I report on a review of the literature aimed at identifying methods of teaching listening that music teachers (kindergarten to Higher Education) currently use in the classroom. The article also highlights the ideas undergirding the teaching methods. Examples of methods used include attentive, engaged, and enactive listening; focused listening and focused musical listening; cross-media listening, distracted listening and process listening. Examples of ideas supporting the methods include connecting listening to actions and activities; technology and research; and students’ out-of-school listening activity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Canadian Music Educator
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 17 Sep 2021


  • Listening
  • Method
  • Strategies,
  • Music Teaching,
  • Students,
  • Listen,
  • Classroom
  • Teachers

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