Cyclic di-GMP signaling links biofilm formation and Mn(II) oxidation in Pseudomonas resinovorans

Ainelén Piazza, Lucia Parra, Lucila Ciancio Casalini, Federico Sisti, Julieta Fernández, Jacob G. Malone, Jorgelina Ottado, Diego O. Serra, Natalia Gottig

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Bioaugmentation of biological sand filters with Mn(II)-oxidizing bacteria (MOB) is used to increase the efficiency of Mn removal from groundwater. While the biofilm-forming ability of MOB is important to achieve optimal Mn filtration, the regulatory link between biofilm formation and Mn(II) oxidation remains unclear. Here, an environmental isolate of Pseudomonas resinovorans strain MOB-513 was used as a model to investigate the role of c-di-GMP, a second messenger crucially involved in the regulation of biofilm formation by Pseudomonas, in the oxidation of Mn(II). A novel role for c-di-GMP in the upregulation of Mn(II) oxidation through induction of the expression of manganese-oxidizing peroxidase enzymes was revealed. MOB-513 macrocolony biofilms showed a strikingly stratified pattern of biogenic Mn oxide (BMnOx) accumulation in a localized top layer. Remarkably, elevated cellular levels of c-di-GMP correlated not only with increased accumulation of BMnOx in the same top layer but also with the appearance of a second BMnOx stratum in the bottom region of macrocolony biofilms, and the expression of mop genes correlated with this pattern. Proteomic analysis under Mn(II) conditions revealed changes in the abundance of a PilZ domain protein. Subsequent analyses supported a model in which this protein sensed c-di-GMP and affected a regulatory cascade that ultimately inhibited mop gene expression, providing a molecular link between c-di-GMP signaling and Mn(II) oxidation. Finally, we observed that high c-di-GMP levels were correlated with higher lyophilization efficiencies and higher groundwater Mn(II) oxidation capacities of freeze-dried bacterial cells, named lyophiles, showing the biotechnological relevance of understanding the role of c-di-GMP in MOB-513.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere02734-22
Issue number6
Early online date14 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2022


  • Pseudomonas
  • biofilms
  • bioremediation
  • c-di-GMP
  • metal oxidation

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