Dectin-2 recognises mannosylated O-antigens of human opportunistic pathogens and augments lipopolysaccharide activation of myeloid cells

Alexandra Wittmann, Dimitra Lamprinaki, Kristian M. Bowles, Ewa Katzenellenbogen, Yuriy A. Knirel, Chris Whitfield, Takashi Nishimura, Naoki Matsumoto, Kazuo Yamamoto, Yoichiro Iwakura, Shinobu Saijo, Norihito Kawasaki

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Abstract

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) consists of a relatively conserved region of lipid A and core-oligosaccharide, and a highly variable region of O-antigen polysaccharide. While lipid A is known to bind to the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-myeloid differentiation factor 2 (MD2) complex, the role of the O-antigen remains unclear. Here we report a novel molecular interaction between dendritic cell-associated C-type lectin-2 (Dectin-2) and the mannosylated O-antigen found in a human opportunistic pathogen Hafnia alvei PCM 1223, which has a repeating unit of [-Man-α1,3-Man-α1,2-Man-α1,2-Man-α1,2-Man-α1,3-]. H. alvei LPS induced higher levels of TNFα and IL-10 from mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BM-DCs), when compared to Salmonella enterica O66 LPS which has a repeat of [-Gal-α1,6-Gal-α1,4-[Glc-β1,3]GalNAc-α1,3-GalNAc-β1,3-]. In a cell-based reporter assay, Dectin-2 was shown to recognise H. alvei LPS. This binding was inhibited by mannosidase treatment of H. alvei LPS and by mutations in the carbohydrate-binding domain of Dectin-2, demonstrating that H. alvei LPS is a novel glycan ligand of Dectin-2. The enhanced cytokine production by H. alvei LPS was Dectin-2 dependent, as Dectin-2 knockout BM-DCs failed to do so. This receptor crosstalk between Dectin-2 and TLR4 involved events including spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) activation and receptor juxtaposition. Furthermore, another mannosylated LPS from Escherichia coli O9a, also bound to Dectin-2 and augmented TLR4 activation of BM-DCs. Taken together, these data indicate that mannosylated O-antigens from several gram-negative bacteria augment TLR4 responses through interaction with Dectin-2.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17629-17638
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume291
Issue number34
Early online date29 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2016

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