Defining the bacteroides ribosomal binding site

Udo Wegmann, Nikki Horn, Simon R Carding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The human gastrointestinal tract, in particular the colon, hosts a vast number of commensal microorganisms. Representatives of the genus Bacteroides are among the most abundant bacterial species in the human colon. Bacteroidetes diverged from the common line of eubacterial descent before other eubacterial groups. As a result, they employ unique transcription initiation signals and, because of this uniqueness, they require specific genetic tools. Although some tools exist, they are not optimal for studying the roles and functions of these bacteria in the human gastrointestinal tract. Focusing on translation initiation signals in Bacteroides, we created a series of expression vectors allowing for different levels of protein expression in this genus, and we describe the use of pepI from Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis as a novel reporter gene for Bacteroides. Furthermore, we report the identification of the 3' end of the 16S rRNA of Bacteroides ovatus and analyze in detail its ribosomal binding site, thus defining a core region necessary for efficient translation, which we have incorporated into the design of our expression vectors. Based on the sequence logo information from the 5' untranslated region of other Bacteroidales ribosomal protein genes, we conclude that our findings are relevant to all members of this order.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1980-9
Number of pages10
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume79
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

Keywords

  • 5' Untranslated Regions
  • Bacteroides
  • Binding Sites
  • Gene Expression
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Genetics, Microbial
  • Molecular Biology
  • Protein Biosynthesis
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Ribosomal
  • Ribosomes

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