Delayed lanthanide luminescent Tb(III) complexes formed from lower rim amide functionalised calix[4]arenes

Christophe Lincheneau, Eoin Quinlan, Jonathan A. Kitchen, Thomas McCabe, Susan E. Matthews (Lead Author), Thorfinnur Gunnlaugsson

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11 Citations (Scopus)


The synthesis and the photophysical studies of a new generation of time resolved luminescent systems based on calix[4] arenes alkylated at the lower rim, capable of hosting lanthanide (III) ions such as terbium and sensitising its emission, are described. Two series of ligands were designed to provide an ideal cavity to host terbium (Tb(III)) and were synthesised in high yields following two novel approaches. The tetra-alkylation, which was achieved in one step using with piperidino- and morpholino-acetamide pendant arms, provides eight donor atoms forming a binding 'pocket' at an ideal distance from the metal core to favour the sensitisation via the antenna effect. Of the two ligand series developed, compounds 3 and 4 possess a short spacer between the calix and the amide receptor site. The second series of ligands 6-7, designed with longer pendant amide arms, was synthesised from 2 in two steps through the ester analogue 5. The crystal structure of 3 (and 6 as shown in Supporting Information, available online) is presented. The synthesis and the photophysical studies of the four resulting complexes 3.Tb, 4.Tb, 6.Tb and 7.Tb are described in detail and in each case, successful sensitisation of the terbium emission occurred upon excitation of the phenolic scaffold of the calixarene.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-880
Number of pages12
JournalSupramolecular Chemistry
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2013


  • supramolecular chemistry
  • calix\[4\]arenes
  • lanthanide
  • terbium complexes
  • solution studies
  • luminescence

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