Dendritic carbene metal carbazole complexes as photo-emitters for fully solution-processed OLEDs

Alexander Romanov, Le Yang, Saul Jones, Dawei Di, Olivia Morley, Bluebell Drummond, Antti Reponen, Mikko Linnolahti, Dan Credgington, Manfred Bochmann

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Light-emitting carbene-metal amide (CMA) complexes bearing first and second generation carbazole dendron ligands are reported, (AdL)M(Gn), (M = Cu and Au; Gn carbazole dendrimer generation, where n = 1 and 2; AdL = adamantyl-substituted cyclic (alkyl)amino)carbene). The thermal stability of the complexes increases with each dendrimer generation. Cyclic voltammetry indicates that the HOMO/LUMO energy levels are largely unaffected by the size of the dendron, while first reduction and oxidation processes show a quasi-reversible character. The gold complexes in toluene at room temperature show photoluminescent quantum yields (PLQYs) of up to 51.5% for the first and 78% for the second generation. Varied temperature transient photoluminescence decay is consistent with a thermally activated process indicating a delayed fluorescence-type emission mechanism. Neat films show excited state lifetimes composed of prompt and dominant sub-microsecond delayed components, with radiative constants of up to 106 s−1. Solution-processed organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) for first generation copper (1) and gold (2) dendrimers (AdL)M(G1) have been fabricated with external quantum efficiencies (EQEs) of 5.5% for copper and 10.3% for gold at practical brightness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3613-3623
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number10
Early online date26 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2019

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