Dense platinum/nickel oxide heterointerfaces with abundant oxygen vacancies enable ampere-level current density ultrastable hydrogen evolution in alkaline

Kaixi Wang, Shuo Wang, Kwan San Hui, Junfeng Li, Chenyang Zha, Duc Anh Dinh, Zongping Shao, Bo Yan, Zikang Tang, Kwun Nam Hui

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Platinum (Pt) remains the benchmark electrocatalyst for alkaline hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), but its industry-scale hydrogen production is severely hampered by the lack of well-designed durable Pt-based materials that can operate at ampere-level current densities. Herein, based on the original oxide layer and parallel convex structure on the surface of nickel foam (NF), a 3D quasi-parallel architecture consisting of dense Pt nanoparticles (NPs) immobilized oxygen vacancy-rich NiOx heterojunctions (Pt/NiOx-OV) as an alkaline HER catalyst is developed. A combined experimental and theoretical studies manifest that anchoring Pt NPs on NiOx-OV leads to electron-rich Pt species with altered density of states (DOS) distribution, which can efficiently optimize the d-band center and the adsorption of reaction intermediates as well as enhance the water dissociation ability. The as-prepared catalyst exhibits extraordinary HER performance with a low overpotential of 19.4 mV at 10 mA cm−2, a mass activity 16.3-fold higher than that of 20% Pt/C, and a long durability of more than 100 h at 1000 mA cm−2. Furthermore, the assembled alkaline electrolyzer combined with NiFe-layered double hydroxide requires extremely low voltage of 1.776 V to attain 1000 mA cm−2, and can operate stably for more than 400 h, which is rarely achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2211273
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number8
Early online date9 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2023


  • hydrogen evolution reactions
  • large current densities
  • oxygen vacancy-rich nickel oxides
  • platinum-based heterostructures
  • quasi-parallel nanostructures

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