Densities and apparent molar volumes of atmospherically important electrolyte solutions. 2. The systems H+−HSO4−−SO42−−H2O from 0 to 3 mol kg−1 as a function of temperature and H+−NH4+−HSO4−−SO42−−H2O from 0 to 6 mol kg−1at 25°C using a Pitzer ion interaction model, and NH4HSO4−H2O and (NH4)3H(SO4)2−H2O over the entire concentration range

S. L. Clegg, A. S. Wexler

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A Pitzer ion interaction model has been applied to the systems H2SO4−H2O (0−3 mol kg−1, 0−55 °C) and H2SO4−(NH4)2SO4−H2O (0−6 mol kg−1, 25 °C) for the calculation of apparent molar volume and density. The dissociation reaction HSO4−(aq) ↔ H+(aq) + SO42−(aq) is treated explicitly. Apparent molar volumes of the SO42− ion at infinite dilution were obtained from part 1 of this work, (1) and the value for the bisulfate ion was determined in this study from 0 to 55 °C. In dilute solutions of both systems, the change in the degree of dissociation of the HSO4− ion with concentration results in much larger variations of the apparent molar volumes of the solutes than for conventional strong (fully dissociated) electrolytes. Densities and apparent molar volumes are tabulated. Apparent molar volumes calculated using the model are combined with other data for the solutes NH4HSO4 and (NH4)3H(SO4)2 at 25 °C to obtain apparent molar volumes and densities over the entire concentration range (including solutions supersaturated with respect to the salts).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3461-3474
Number of pages14
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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