Description and evaluation of the UKCA stratosphere-troposphere chemistry scheme (StratTrop vn 1.0) implemented in UKESM1

Alexander T Archibald, Fiona M O'Connor, Nathan Luke Abraham, Scott Archer-Nicholls, Martyn P Chipperfield, Mohit Dalvi, Gerd A Folberth, Fraser Dennison, Sandip S Dhomse, Paul T Griffiths, Catherine Hardacre, Alan J Hewitt, Richard S Hill, Colin E Johnson, James Keeble, Marcus O Köhler, Olaf Morgenstern, Jane P Mulcahy, Carlos Ordóñez, Richard J PopeSteven T Rumbold, Maria R Russo, Nicholas H Savage, Alistair Sellar, Marc Stringer, Steven T Turnock, Oliver Wild, Guang Zeng

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Here we present a description of the UKCA StratTrop chemical mechanism, which is used in the UKESM1 Earth system model for CMIP6. The StratTrop chemical mechanism is a merger of previously well-evaluated tropospheric and stratospheric mechanisms, and we provide results from a series of bespoke integrations to assess the overall performance of the model. We find that the StratTrop scheme performs well when compared to a wide array of observations. The analysis we present here focuses on key components of atmospheric composition, namely the performance of the model to simulate ozone in the stratosphere and troposphere and constituents that are important for ozone in these regions. We find that the results obtained for tropospheric ozone and its budget terms from the use of the StratTrop mechanism are sensitive to the host model; simulations with the same chemical mechanism run in an earlier version of the MetUM host model show a range of sensitivity to emissions that the current model does not fall within. Whilst the general model performance is suitable for use in the UKESM1 CMIP6 integrations, we note some shortcomings in the scheme that future targeted studies will address.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1223-1266
Number of pages44
JournalGeoscientific Model Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2020

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