Detection of transglucosidase-catalyzed polysaccharide synthesis on a surface in real time using surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy

Carla Clé, A. Patrick Gunning, Karl Syson, Laura Bowater, Robert A. Field, Stephen Bornemann

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Biological systems that involve enzyme catalysis at surfaces, particularly strategically important ones that involve insoluble substrates/products such as the cell wall and the starch granule, require analyses beyond classical solution state enzymology. Using a model system, we have demonstrated the real-time measurement of transglucosidase activity on a surface using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy. We monitored the extension of a (partially carboxymethylated) dextran surface with alternansucrase and sucrose as a glycosyl donor. Conditions were used where surface polymer synthesis rates were a function of enzyme concentration and proportional to the extent of enzyme binding to the surface. A method to determine the turnover number of the enzyme on the surface was also developed. The presence of a new amorphous polysaccharide was observed optically, detected by lectin binding and imaged by atomic force microscopy. This surface method will have utility in a wide range of carbohydrate enzyme systems including screens.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15234-15235
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number46
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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